Friday, November 30, 2012

Jesus is King: A Biblical Theology

Last Sunday we discussed from the entirety of Scripture the biblical motif and theme of the Kingship of Jesus. We bare, and I mean barely, scratched the surface. So I want to pass along a more thorough biblical theology of the Kingship of Jesus. So below I want to pass along a number of key biblical passages, prophecies, and texts that extol, predict, and proclaim that Jesus is King.

The Pentateuch

Genesis 49:8-10 –“Judah, your brothers shall praise you; your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father's sons shall bow down before you. Judah is a lion's cub; from the prey, my son, you have gone up. He stooped down; he crouched as a lion & as a lioness; who dares rouse him? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until tribute comes to him; & to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

Numbers 24:17 – I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near: a star shall come out of Jacob, & a scepter shall rise out of Israel; it shall crush the forehead of Moab & break down all the sons of Sheth.

Numbers 24:19 – & one from Jacob shall exercise dominion & destroy the survivors of cities!”

Davidic Kingdom

2 Samuel 7:11-16 – from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. & I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the LORD declares to you that the LORD will make you a house. When your days are fulfilled & you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, & I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, & I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, & he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. & your house & your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.'”

1 Chronicles 17:9-14 – & I will appoint a place for my people Israel & will plant them, that they may dwell in their own place & be disturbed no more. & violent men shall waste them no more, as formerly, from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. & I will subdue all your enemies. Moreover, I declare to you that the LORD will build you a house. When your days are fulfilled to walk with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, one of your own sons, & I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for me, & I will establish his throne forever. I will be to him a father, & he shall be to me a son. I will not take my steadfast love from him, as I took it from him who was before you, but I will confirm him in my house & in my kingdom forever, & his throne shall be established forever.'”

1 Chronicles 22 - Then David said, “This is the house of the Lord God, and this is the altar of burnt offering for Israel.”
So David gave orders to gather the foreigners who were in the land of Israel, and he set stonecutters to hew out stones to build the house of God. David prepared large quantities of iron to make the nails for the doors of the gates and for the clamps, and more bronze than could be weighed; and timbers of cedar logs beyond number, for the Sidonians and Tyrians brought large quantities of cedar timber to David. David said, “My son Solomon is young and inexperienced, and the house that is to be built for the Lord shall be exceedingly magnificent, famous and glorious throughout all lands. Therefore now I will make preparation for it.” So David made ample preparations before his death.

Then he called for his son Solomon, and charged him to build a house for the Lord God of Israel. David said to Solomon, “My son, I had intended to build a house to the name of the Lord my God. But the word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have waged great wars; you shall not build a house to My name, because you have shed so much blood on the earth before Me. Behold, a son will be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side; for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quiet to Israel in his days. 10 He shall build a house for My name, and he shall be My son and I will be his father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever.’ 11 Now, my son, the Lord be with you that you may be successful, and build the house of the Lord your God just as He has spoken concerning you. 12 Only the Lord give you discretion and understanding, and give you charge over Israel, so that you may keep the law of the Lord your God. 13 Then you will prosper, if you are careful to observe the statutes and the ordinances which the Lord commanded Moses concerning Israel. Be strong and courageous, do not fear nor be dismayed. 14 Now behold, with great pains I have prepared for the house of the Lord 100,000 talents of gold and 1,000,000 talents of silver, and bronze and iron beyond weight, for they are in great quantity; also timber and stone I have prepared, and you may add to them. 15 Moreover, there are many workmen with you, stonecutters and masons of stone and carpenters, and all men who are skillful in every kind of work. 16 Of the gold, the silver and the bronze and the iron there is no limit. Arise and work, and may the Lord be with you.”
17 David also commanded all the leaders of Israel to help his son Solomon, saying, 18 “Is not the Lord your God with you? And has He not given you rest on every side? For He has given the inhabitants of the land into my hand, and the land is subdued before the Lord and before His people. 19 Now set your heart and your soul to seek the Lord your God; arise, therefore, and build the sanctuary of the Lord God, so that you may bring the ark of the covenant of the Lord and the holy vessels of God into the house that is to be built for the name of the Lord.”

2 Chronicles 6:5-17 – 'Since the day that I brought my people out of the land of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel in which to build a house, that my name might be there, & I chose no man as prince over my people Israel; but I have chosen Jerusalem that my name may be there, & I have chosen David to be over my people Israel.' Now it was in the heart of David my father to build a house for the name of the LORD, the God of Israel.  But the LORD said to David my father, 'Whereas it was in your heart to build a house for my name, you did well that it was in your heart. Nevertheless, it is not you who shall build the house, but your son who shall be born to you shall build the house for my name.'  Now the LORD has fulfilled his promise that he made. For I have risen in the place of David my father & sit on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised, & I have built the house for the name of the LORD, the God of Israel. & there I have set the ark, in which is the covenant of the LORD that he made with the people of Israel.” Then Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the assembly of Israel & spread out his hands. Solomon had made a bronze platform five cubits long, five cubits wide, & three cubits high, & had set it in the court, & he stood on it. Then he knelt on his knees in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, & spread out his hands toward heaven, & said, “O LORD, God of Israel, there is no God like you, in heaven or on earth, keeping covenant & showing steadfast love to your servants who walk before you with all their heart, who have kept with your servant David my father what you declared to him. You spoke with your mouth, & with your hand have fulfilled it this day. Now therefore, O LORD, God of Israel, keep for your servant David my father what you have promised him, saying, 'You shall not lack a man to sit before me on the throne of Israel, if only your sons pay close attention to their way, to walk in my law as you have walked before me.' Now therefore, O LORD, God of Israel, let your word be confirmed, which you have spoken to your servant David.

2 Chronicles 13:5 – Ought you not to know that the LORD God of Israel gave the kingship over Israel forever to David & his sons by a covenant of salt?

2 Chronicles 21:7 – Yet the LORD was not willing to destroy the house of David, because of the covenant that he had made with David, & since he had promised to give a lamp to him & to his sons forever.

Psalm 89:19-37 - Once You spoke in vision to Your godly ones,
And said, “I have given help to one who is mighty;
I have exalted one chosen from the people.
20 “I have found David My servant;
With My holy oil I have anointed him,
21 With whom My hand will be established;
My arm also will strengthen him.
22 “The enemy will not deceive him,
Nor the son of wickedness afflict him.
23 “But I shall crush his adversaries before him,
And strike those who hate him.
24 “My faithfulness and My lovingkindness will be with him,
And in My name his horn will be exalted.
25 “I shall also set his hand on the sea
And his right hand on the rivers.
26 “He will cry to Me, ‘You are my Father,
My God, and the rock of my salvation.’
27 “I also shall make him My firstborn,
The highest of the kings of the earth.
28 “My lovingkindness I will keep for him forever,
And My covenant shall be confirmed to him.
29 “So I will establish his descendants forever
And his throne as the days of heaven.
30 “If his sons forsake My law
And do not walk in My judgments,
31 If they violate My statutes
And do not keep My commandments,
32 Then I will punish their transgression with the rod
And their iniquity with stripes.
33 “But I will not break off My lovingkindness from him,
Nor deal falsely in My faithfulness.
34 “My covenant I will not violate,
Nor will I alter the utterance of My lips.
35 “Once I have sworn by My holiness;
I will not lie to David.
36 “His descendants shall endure forever
And his throne as the sun before Me.
37 “It shall be established forever like the moon,
And the witness in the sky is faithful.” Selah.

Isaiah 9:7 – Of the increase of his government & of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David & over his kingdom, to establish it & to uphold it with justice & with righteousness from this time forth & forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this.

Isaiah 16:5 – then a throne will be established in steadfast love, & on it will sit in faithfulness in the tent of David one who judges & seeks justice & is swift to do righteousness.”

Isaiah 22:20-25 – In that day I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, & I will clothe him with your robe, & will bind your sash on him, & will commit your authority to his hand. & he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem & to the house of Judah. & I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. He shall open, & none shall shut; & he shall shut, & none shall open. & I will fasten him like a peg in a secure place, & he will become a throne of honor to his father's house. & they will hang on him the whole honor of his father's house, the offspring & issue, every small vessel, from the cups to all the flagons. In that day, declares the LORD of hosts, the peg that was fastened in a secure place will give way, & it will be cut down & fall, & the load that was on it will be cut off, for the LORD has spoken.”

Jeremiah 23:5 – “Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, & he shall reign as king & deal wisely, & shall execute justice & righteousness in the land.

Jeremiah 33:15-26 – In those days & at that time I will cause a righteous Branch to spring up for David, & he shall execute justice & righteousness in the land. In those days Judah will be saved, & Jerusalem will dwell securely. & this is the name by which it will be called: 'The LORD is our righteousness.'”For thus says the LORD: David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel, & the Levitical priests shall never lack a man in my presence to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings, & to make sacrifices forever.” The word of the LORD came to Jeremiah:”Thus says the LORD: If you can break my covenant with the day & my covenant with the night, so that day & night will not come at their appointed time, then also my covenant with David my servant may be broken, so that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne, & my covenant with the Levitical priests my ministers. As the host of heaven cannot be numbered & the sands of the sea cannot be measured, so I will multiply the offspring of David my servant, & the Levitical priests who minister to me.” The word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: “Have you not observed that these people are saying, 'The LORD has rejected the two clans that he chose'? Thus they have despised my people so that they are no longer a nation in their sight. Thus says the LORD: If I have not established my covenant with day & night & the fixed order of heaven & earth, then I will reject the offspring of Jacob & David my servant & will not choose one of his offspring to rule over the offspring of Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob. For I will restore their fortunes & will have mercy on them.”

Jeremiah 30:9 – But they shall serve the LORD their God & David their king, whom I will raise up for them.

Ezekiel 34:23-24 – & I will set up over them one shepherd, my servant David, & he shall feed them: he shall feed them & be their shepherd. & I, the LORD, will be their God, & my servant David shall be prince among them. I am the LORD; I have spoken.

Ezekiel 37:24-25 – “My servant David shall be king over them, & they shall all have one shepherd. They shall walk in my rules & be careful to obey my statutes. They shall dwell in the land that I gave to my servant Jacob, where your fathers lived. They & their children & their children’s children shall dwell there forever, & David my servant shall be their prince forever.

Hosea 3:5 – Afterward the children of Israel shall return & seek the LORD their God, & David their king, & they shall come in fear to the LORD & to his goodness in the latter days.

New Testament

Luke 1:32-33 – He will be great & will be called the Son of the Most High. & the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David,

Matthew 1 – Genealogy
Matthew 2 – Magi
Matthew 3 – John the Baptist
Matthew 4 – Start of the King’s Reign & War Against the Dragon
Matthew 5-7 – Teachings of the King
Matthew 8-12 – Acts of the King
Matthew 13 – The Parables of the Kingdom
Matthew 14-15 – Authority of the King Challenged
Matthew 16-28 – The King’s Cross

1 Timothy 1:17 – To the King of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor & glory forever & ever. Amen.
1 Timothy 6:15 – which he will display at the proper time--he who is the blessed & only Sovereign, the King of kings & Lord of lords,
Revelation 15:3 –  & they sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, & the song of the Lamb, saying, “Great & amazing are your deeds, O Lord God the Almighty! Just & true are your ways, O King of the nations!
Revelation 17:14 –  They will make war on the Lamb, & the Lamb will conquer them, for he is Lord of lords & King of kings, & those with him are called & chosen & faithful.”
Revelation 19:16 – On his robe & on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings & Lord of lords.

See, told you we barely scratched the surface Sunday! :o)

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